Ethiopia also known as Abyssinia, is one of the oldest nation in the world age of 3,000 years and the origin of modern humans (Homo sapiens) early hominid fossils discovered in Ethiopia such as the 3.18 million years Australopithecus Afarensis, or “Lucy” (Denknesh) and the 4.4 million years Ardi discovered in the lower Awash valley this place is one of the UNESCO world heritage sites. The Axumite kingdom is been one of the ancient powerful kingdom in the world since 1st century A.D that its power impact for southern Arabia, Asia and Egypt, during this Empire Christianity introduce to Ethiopia, Ethiopians make alphabets and calendar which is composed of 13 months & 7 years earlier than GC, there are many pre historic telling places & materials of this kingdom Such as the magnificent Axum obelisks still standing in Axum town which is one of the UNESCO world heritage sites, the coins that used by the kingdom and the Archeological sites are to be seen in Ethiopia, after 10th Century AD the kingdom start to decline then the Zagwe kingdom took the reign and form its capital in Lalibela you can see the standing magnificent rock-hewn churches of Lalibela which are erected in late 11 century they are one of the UNESCO world heritage sites. Ethiopia is the only nation in Africa who never colonized by European powers, Ethiopians defeated the modern Italian tropes at the battle of Adawa in 1896 by the leader of Emperor Minilik 2nd , and this is the reason why many African countries use the Ethiopian flag as their symbol which is green, yellow & red.
Ethiopia is situated in East Africa, bordered with 5 countries, Ethiopia covers an area of 1,127,127 square km with different climate and different geological backgrounds from the lowest Dallol Depression which is 120 meters below sea level to the top of 4,500 meter mountain peak called Ras Dashen, the Dallol depression is one of the lowest land in Africa, you can see the extraordinary formations such as active volcano of Ert-Ale and the yellow sulfur formation landscapes.The Great Rift Valley pass through Ethiopia and separate the high lands of Ethiopia and the lowlands, Ethiopia located in the tropics due to this Ethiopia consists different climates in general the high lands above 1,500 enjoy a pleasant temperature climate, in area below 1,500 meters such as Afar and Somalia regions range a day time temperature of 30°C to 45°C this depends on differences in elevation and season.The Ethiopian highlands are one of the main origin of major rivers such as Abay(Blue Nile) the longest river in world, Awash river, the Baro river, Genale, Omo & Wabe Shebelle are the major rivers in Ethiopia.
By most of Ethiopian people “Enjera” is a main dish, this food is getting popularity in the world, Enjera is made from Teff flour it has an attractive nutrition profile, Teff is a small grains believed that originated between 4000BC and 1000 BC, Enjera serve with different condiments such as Doro Wote, Shiro Wote and other, also Kocho which is made by false banana, Chiko, Chechebsa and Tihlo are the most popular dishes in Ethiopia.Ethiopia have a lot of traditional beverage among those coffee is one of the top popular beverage in every corner of the country, also Tej, Tella, Borde and Areke are the most popular alcoholic drinks in Ethiopia.